“Widely separated archaeological excavations in the countries of Israel and Jordan were conducted beginning in 1955 by archaeologist Yigael Yadin found architecture bearing damage from a great earthquake…Earthquake evidence is seen prominently at Hazor, Israel’s largest ancient city. Excavations in Hazor revealed tilted walls, inclined pillars, and collapsed houses. The city of Gezer was also severely shaken. The outer wall of the city shows hewn [hand-cut] stones weighing tons that have been cracked and displaced several inches off their foundation. Earthquake debris at six sites…is tightly confined [by strata] to the middle of the eighth century B.C. So, the evidence points to a single large regional earthquake that occurred about 750 B.C. at magnitude 8.2…”
Why is this important to Bible believers?
“In the mid-eighth century B.C., a shepherd-farmer named Amos of Tekoa delivered an extra ordinary speech at the Temple of the Golden Calf in the city of Bethel in the northern kingdom of Israel just “two years before the earthquake” (Amos 1:1). Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam II was king of Israel. Amos spoke of the land being shaken (8:8), houses being smashed (6:11), altars being cracked (3:14), and even the Temple at Bethel being struck and collapsing (9:1). After describing a future earthquake and panic during the “Day of the Lord” at Messiah’s coming to the Mount of Olives, Zechariah says, “Yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah” (Zechariah 14:5). The panic caused by Amos’ Earthquake must have been the topic of legend in Jerusalem, because Zechariah asked his readers to recall that terrifying event 230 years later.”
Austin, S. 2010. The Scientific and Scriptural Impact of Amos’ Earthquake. Acts & Facts. 39 (2): 8-9.